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Unraveling the Curvature of Decentralized Finance: A Closer Look at Tokemak v2


Decentralized finance is a fast-paced, ever-changing landscape. With innovative protocols popping up left and right, many of which aim to tackle liquidity provision and market efficiency hurdles, we find ourselves in the midst of a groundbreaking era. One of these game-changers is our beloved Tokemak, a protocol introducing Liquidity Management Pools (LMPs) and the Autopilot feature, with the intent to shake up DeFi market making dynamics. This article will take you through the curves of decentralized finance, the importance of market making, and the pros and cons of using Tokemak V2.

Tokemak v2

Tokemak v2, a turbocharged version of its predecessor, propels forward the novel concept of Liquidity Management Pools (LMPs). These LMPs are the heart of two major products - the Autopilot and the DAO Liquidity Marketplace. The Autopilot, a savvy liquidity provider (LP) optimizer, reshuffles liquidity across diverse assets, pools, and decentralized exchanges (DEXs) within each LMP. This sophisticated dance enhances LP returns while trimming user complexity and gas costs, broadening liquidity provision to a wider swath of DeFi enthusiasts.

The DAO Liquidity Marketplace levels the playing field for both decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) and participating protocols by facilitating real-time liquidity rental from any LMP. This open-book liquidity rate permits buyers to place their bids for liquidity on their terms, nixing the uncertainties often associated with old-school indirect incentive mechanisms. Initially, Tokemak v2's spotlight is on ETH liquid staking tokens (LSTs), offering LPs a dynamic taste of ETH while empowering LST protocols with top-tier liquidity management tools.

Curvature in Decentralized Finance

In the DeFi world, the idea of curvature carries weight. It signifies a protocol's knack for flexing and responding effectively to market dynamics in a decentralized, open environment that's naturally prone to fluctuations and uncertainties. Market making is a key player in achieving this curvature, ensuring smooth liquidity provision, tempering price volatility, and stabilizing asset prices.

The Autopilot in Tokemak v2 is a shining example of this curvature, playing the part of a rational market participant reacting to external market winds. By shuffling liquidity across various venues and assets, the Autopilot trumps single pool exposure over time, giving LPs a passive way to net fluctuating yields. Through its unique LMPs, Tokemak v2 puts forth a fresh take on curvature in DeFi, offering a win-win relationship between LPs and DAOs for better liquidity management.

Market Making 101

Market making is a cornerstone of any efficient, liquid financial market, and its relevance extends to the DeFi realm. Market making is the practice of providing liquidity to financial markets by continuously buying and selling assets to ensure there is always a ready market for those assets. In traditional finance, expert market makers ensure that markets are always liquid and tradable, facilitating seamless transactions and shrinking bid-ask spreads.

In DeFi, market making takes on a decentralized form, with algorithms and automated protocols taking the reins from human market makers. Tokemak v2's Autopilot serves as an ideal market maker, continually rebalancing liquidity across diverse assets and DEXs to optimize LP returns. By performing this vital service, market makers like Autopilot greatly amplify market efficiency, helping DeFi platforms grow and stay stable.

Benefits and Risks of v2

The DAO Liquidity Marketplace eradicates the uncertainties usually tied to traditional incentive mechanisms. This flexibility allows DAOs to dictate the desired liquidity depth across integrated DEXs, bolstering liquidity during on-chain liquidation events and other tough scenarios.


  • Greater Flexibility: Tokemak v2's LMPs offer the potential for a diverse set of assets and pools, letting LPs optimize their exposure to different assets and ride the waves of yield fluctuations.
  • Transparent Liquidity Rate: The DAO Liquidity Marketplace enables DAOs to rent liquidity in near real-time at a known rate, eliminating the guesswork often linked to indirect incentive mechanisms.
  • Reduced Gas Costs: The Autopilot's smart allocation of liquidity keeps gas costs for LPs in check, making liquidity provision more accessible to a broader range of DeFi users.
  • Sustainable Liquidity Sourcing: Tokemak v2 guarantees that all liquidity stays actively deployed, irrespective of swings in direct DAO demand, benefiting both LPs and the protocol.

However, the innovative features of Tokemak v2 are not without inherent risks. Given the protocol's reliance on complex algorithms and market dynamics, potential vulnerabilities could pop up. While Tokemak v2's model aims to mitigate these risks, regular assessments and security audits are paramount to protect participants' assets.


  • Slashing Risks: TOKE holders staking tokens as collateral for LMPs may face potential slashing risks. However, Tokemak v2's proposed token mechanics feature safety measures such as vesting contracts to steady the market during slashing events. However, please note that the final tokenomics of v2 are still being developed.
  • Complexity: The intricacies of market making and liquidity management might pose challenges for some users, especially those who are newbies in the DeFi space.

Building for the Future

Amid a rapidly expanding DeFi landscape, Tokemak v2 stands out, offering unique features that amp up liquidity provision and market making. The Autopilot and DAO Liquidity Marketplace work in synergy to enhance liquidity control for both LPs and DAOs. As DeFi continues its evolution, the significance of curvature and market making will endure, fostering efficient and robust ecosystems.

Tokemak v2, with its pioneering LMPs and smart Autopilot, encapsulates the essence of curvature in decentralized finance. By introducing dynamic liquidity optimization and real-time liquidity rental, Tokemak v2 addresses the challenges faced by LPs and DAOs in traditional market-making strategies. As we navigate this DeFi journey, trailblazing protocols like Tokemak are paving the way for a more efficient, transparent, and inclusive financial future. As DeFi grows and matures, the importance iterating on the core concepts that define our financial primitives will remain at the heart of a vibrant and resilient ecosystem.

Angeris, G., Chitra, T and Evans, A. (2022). When Does The Tail Wag The Dog? Curvature and Market Making.

Nabben, K. (2023). Blockchain Governance: Accountability Decentralised Technology Communities.

Tokemak. (2023). Tokemak (v2): Introducing LMPs, Autopilot and the DAO Liquidity Marketplace.

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